In recent years many new fly fishing methods and techniques have been developed throughout the world and whilst some of these could be considered minor tactics they all have their place. We all of course have our favourite or preferred style of fishing but having a grasp of other techniques can only put you in a even better place to catch more fish

Our guides at Infinity Fly Fishing can teach you these methods and the correct and often subtle techniques for fishing them. Specialist rods and leaders are needed for some of these and the majority of our guides can supply them.

So, to learn more about these methods why not book a guided day or Masterclass day with Infinity Fly Fishing.

The methods:

Classic Upstream Dry Fly

Fishing a single dry fly upstream often to rising fish but a prospecting approach often works equally as well especially on spate / freestone rivers. Dry flies can of course also be fished across and even downstream without drag.

Classic Upstream Nymphing

Fishing one or two nymphs, usually weighted, in slow to very fast water without an indicator, perhaps the most difficult of techniques to truly master correctly.

Upstream Spider Fishing

Two or more often three “North Country” spiders fished upstream using a very short line.

Across and Down

Usually practiced with a team of spiders or two spiders and a weighted nymph on the point cast around 45 degrees across the current and swung round. Scorned by some but a beginner friendly technique and can be very effective.

Teams of Wet Flies

A more traditional style of fishing two or three traditional wets presented down and across and fished downstream. Very effective technique especially for sea trout.

Short Line/ Pocket Water

This involves a very high rod with as little line on the water to minimise drag. Very useless when dealing with conflicting currents or pockets of water between numerous boulders etc

Stewart Style

A team of spiders cast slightly upstream and across and tracked down to fish dead drift (without drag); can also be swung round at the end of the dead drift.

The Escalator

Oliver Edwards term and technique for fishing a team of spiders downstream dead drift by using a reach cast (or “wet reach”), keeping the rod high and drifting the flies down the flow by lowering the rod.

New Zealand Dropper

Also known as the “Duo”, “Klink and Dink” or “Drymph” (dry fly and nymph). A great method for hedging your bets, practiced using a largish dry fly, usually a Klinkhamer, tied in line, with a weighted nymph or spider on the point. The dry fly can also be used with two nymphs or one nymph and a spider one of which is tied on a conventional dropper in which case known as the “Trio”.

Indicator Nymphing

Like “Duo” but using an appropriately sized strike indicator rather than a Klinkhamer.

High Sticking

Using one or two usually heavily weighted nymphs with a very short line and the rod held high, only the last couple or so feet of the leader are in the water. A useful technique for fishing very fast or pocket water.

Czech Nymphing

A technique for getting flies down using two or three heavily weighted Czech type nymphs usually imitating caddis larvae. The flies are flipped upstream using a tight line or tension cast and tracked down, only around a yard of fly line is used. Can be a deadly technique for trout and especially grayling but is perhaps over used these days.

French Nymphing

A relatively recent technique using a long “French” style tapered leader and one or two, normally small, weighted nymphs. No fly line is used. It gives a very delicate presentation and particularly useful for nymphing in shallow clear water and is equally effective on chalk streams of freestone rivers.

Leader to Hand

A very recent technique heavily promoted by Jeremy Lucas requiring a specialist rod and leader. No fly line is used and so delivers a very delicate presentation and long drag free drifts are possible. Casting is difficult and wind and accuracy are a problem, the jury is still out on this one.

Other key skills:

Stalking / Sight casting

Usually carried out on shallow clear chalkstream rivers but also applies on some of the clear limestone “spring creek” type rivers in the Yorkshire Dales, Derbyshire or the Cotswolds. Sighting an individual target fish, stalking to within casting range, not spooking it, working out the best approach to catching it then implementing the plan to try to catch the fish on the first cast.


Obvious but it’s staggering how many fly fishers don’t observe correctly and are often oblivious to what’s going on around them.


Know where the fish are likely to be and why they are there, an essential skill especially on freestone rivers where sight fishing is limited or indeed impossible.


Identification of insect species and correct fly choice to ‘match the hatch’, a working knowledge of entomology is another essential skill required by the river fly fisher.

Safe and Effective Wading

How to put yourself in the correct position in the river to effectively fish your chosen technique…and without taking an early bath!

What our fishing guides provide:

  • Top quality and often private beat access.
  • Intimate knowledge of the water fished.
  • Casting and method specific instruction.
  • Instruction on watercraft, entomology and fly selection.
  • Tackle, waders, flies etc.
  • Pre-trip and accommodation advice.